This research looks into the background, methodology and beliefs of this deviated sect and those like it. It doesn’t aim to respond to their misconceptions, but just expose and make clear their fallacies and objectives.
It is must for us to read and spread this information as their doubts are becoming ever more relevant. Some have been affected by the images, and as a result, have been driven by their emotions to sympathize with them. Others hold political views about current affairs whilst sharing some of the principles and objectives of this extremist group without even realizing it, whilst others are far worse.
So, I ask Allah to make this beneficial for myself, the Shaykh and the readers and that He Gives the Ummah peace and security, verily He is Able to do all things, and upon Him I put my trust…
Background of ISIS
All extremist groups are founded their beliefs and targets based on the teachings of Sayyid Imam ‘Abdul-‘Azeez who is also known as Dr. Fadal.
The call was to bring an uprising by using violence under the name of Islamic Jihad. They recognised that this could only be accomplished by adopting a method of making Takfir of the masses and their rulers. The objective was to establish an Islamic state through the means of revolution and violence.
An evolution of this revolution sprung up in the 1960’s of this ideology and was spearheaded by two inspirational figureheads: Aboo ‘Alaa al-Mawdoodee (Pakistan) and Sayyid Qutb (Egypt). Nowadays, all branches of extremist groups all lead back to the ideologies and teachings of these two radicals.
Arguably, the differences between the approaches of these two deviant callers and the foundations of Ikhwan al-Muslimeen (the political party also known as the Muslim Brotherhood based in Egypt) was that their leader, Hasan al-Banna, didn’t adopt a violent approach, whilst these two were deemed as being extreme even within their communion because of their call to adopt violent means to topple legitimate Muslim governments.
A Summary of the Beliefs and Targets of ISIS
Both al-Qaeda and ISIS are extremist groups that share the same ideology and targets. From them include the following:
-All Muslim rulers are Kuffaar. This stems directly from the teachings of al-Mawdoodee and Qutb.
-All forms of ruling by other than the Shariah is Kufr, irrespective of whether the ruler has made Istihlaal or not (i.e. Regardless of whether the ruler believes in replacing the Shariah or not. Sunni scholars affirm that replacing the Shariah constitutes Kufr, otherwise it may not, however, ISIS doesn’t make this differentiation).
-There is no difference between Kufr that is agreed upon and Kufr that the scholars have differed upon. All acts of Kufr are interpreted as being Kufr, without any excuse of Ijtihaad or ignorance.
-There is no difference between Mu’aawanah (cooperating, even if it is for a legitimate Islamic reason), Mudaahanah (making treaties for the benefit of Islam and the Muslims) and Ta’aaluf (softness) with the Kuffaar – all of it is Kufr.
-There are no differences between Istihlaal or weakness of sins (refer to point 2).
-The Tawaagheet (pl. Taaghoot: something obeyed besides Allah) of the living are worse than the Tawaagheet of the deceased. Meaning, the Kufr of the rulers is far worse than grave worship.
They have even coined a phrase in relation to this:
“The Shirk of the palaces (Qusoor) is worse than the Shirk of the graves (Quboor).”
-Making Jihad against the rulers is Fard al-Ayn (an obligation) upon every single Muslim.
-Ijtihaad that dictates Jihad not being present or fatwas issued restricting the conditions of Jihad, is Ijtihaad that is void and unacceptable.
-Jihad against the rulers takes precedence against the Kuffaar Uslee, because we need to defend the Muslim lands, establish a state, and remove apostasy as Riddah is worse than Kufr Uslee.
-Scholars, ministers, soldiers, police officers and all government workers are also Kuffaar by association of their governments. Sunni scholars have conditions for declaring others as leaving the fold of al-Islam is known as ad-Dawaabit at-Takfir. From them is that the mistake must be clarified before placing a ruling on people.
All of the above falls under the innovated terminology of at-Tawhid al-Haakimiyyah
-The Muslim Ummah today is like the time of Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was faced by tribes that became apostates and they view that their cult as being like the city of al-Madinah; a place for the Muslims and anything besides this are cities and countries which have become apostates from al-Islam and are destined to the fire.
Based on this, the whole world is Dar al-Kufr (possibly Dar al-Harb) including Makkah and al-Madinah.
-The average Muslim falls under four: Kaafir (disbeliever), a Murtad (apostate), Mastoor Haal or Majhool al-Haal.
Haal: meaning, they appear to be Muslim but their beliefs/allegiance are uncertain.
Majhool al-Haal: meaning, this person is not a Muslim in his appearance and it is not apparent by his action. It is permissible to kill such a person and take his wealth.
Note: All of these categorizations and innovated principles have only been introduced into the religion to justify killing innocent people and permit mass murder.
-There is no such thing as a treaty or excuses, anybody that does not hear and obey the Caliph or uphold to the body of the Muslims, then they are eligible to be fought and killed.
Thus, they believe legitimate leadership only belongs to them and if anyone disagrees must be killed as apostates.
-Lying, deceiving and treachery are allowed as its part of war. Therefore, it’s allowed to hide one’s beliefs in order to infiltrate and create splinter cells.
This clearly contradicts the conditions of Jihad, of them, having an Imam and fighting on the battlefield alone.
-All rulers are either Kuffar, apostates or hypocrites, as well as all their citizens. They issued a verdict stating that merely holding a visa or a nationality makes one Kaafir by association. Some of their quotes even state one is a Kaafir even by raising a flag.
-The scholars are hypocrites and their Fatwa is null and void.
-Major sins takes one out of al-Islam. Interest, fornication, bribery and not giving allegiance to the Caliph are all acts of apostasy.
-Women, children and the elderly are all fair game and their intentions are not questioned.
-Non-Muslims are subject to war also, irrespective if they are a Dhimmee (a non-Muslim citizen in an Islamic country), Musta’man (a person who has been granted security by a Muslim country), Mu’aahad (a person who has a treaty with a Muslim country), and killing them in greater number is more virtuous.
-Possessing citizenship shows one is pleased with Kufr. Thus, his wealth, honour and blood are permissible and are deemed as apostates as they have chosen to mix and live with the Kuffaar.
-Possessing a visa is not a trust (Amaanah); if it is then we are allowed to take it with deception and not uphold its conditions – with the purpose to kill and massacre.
[This is taken from Usool al-Fikriyyah li Tantheemay Daesh wa al-Qaeda by Shaykh Faysal bin Qazzaar, edited and compiled by Imam Ariff Olla)
Advisor on Islamic Theology - UK